Social Studies Resources

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Accounting for Genocide
Format: Paperback
  • Accounting for Genocide is an original and controversial book that retells the history of the subjugation and ongoing economic marginalization of Canada’s Indigenous peoples. Its authors demonstrate the ways in which successive Canadian governments have combined accounting techniques and economic rationalizations with bureaucratic mechanisms—soft technologies—to deprive Native peoples of their land and natural resources and to control the minutiae of their daily economic and social lives. Particularly shocking is the evidence that federal and provincial governments are today still prepared to use legislative and fiscal devices in order to facilitate the continuing exploitation and damage of Indigenous people’s lands.


America's Gift
Format: Paperback
  • What the world owes to the Americas and their first inhabitants

    The world was never the same after 1492. The encounter of two “old worlds” gave rise to a truly new world on both sides of the Atlantic. America’s Gift recalls the full significance of the contact made between Europe and the Americas, mistakenly called the “New World.” As Columbian intellectual German Arciniegas wrote: “From questions of astronomy to the food on our table, America began transforming Europe the moment European explorers set foot on American soil. And what a transformation it was!” Authors Käthe Roth and Denis Vaugeois ably use an alphabetical glossary to connect the particular to the universal as they reveal some of the vast contributions the Americas and their original inhabitants made to the world. America’s Gift takes readers from one epiphany to another. In other words, Europe became a new world in the true sense of the term.


Bound to Have Blood: Frontier Newspapers and the Plains Indian Wars
Author: John Reilly
Format: Paperback
  • The Plains Indian Wars were always front-page news in frontier newspapers, and it was to such local newspapers that the public invariably turned for information about the fighting. The vivid, colorful accounts there captivated the nation—and in hindsight reveal much about the attitudes and prejudices of the public and the press.
    Bound to Have Blood takes readers back to the late nineteenth century to show how newspaper reporting influenced attitudes about the conflict between the United States and Native Americans. Emphasizing primary sources and eyewitness accounts, Bound to Have Blood focuses on eight watershed events between 1862 and 1891: the Great Sioux Uprising in Minnesota, the Sand Creek massacre, the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868, the Battle of the Little Big Horn, the flight of the Nez Perce, the Cheyenne outbreak, the trial of Standing Bear, and the massacre at Wounded Knee in 1890 and its aftermath. Each chapter examines an individual event, analyzing the balance and accuracy of the newspaper coverage and how the reporting of the time reinforced stereotypes about Native Americans.


British Columbia, It's Land, Mineral and Water Resources Teacher's Guide
Author: Cathy Ready
Format: Paperback
  • This resource was developed specifically for the BC Science and Social Studies curricula. It is the only comprehensive resource available which provides all the content necessary to learn about B.C.'s living and non-living resources. And best of all it has been developed in B.C. by B.C. educators and has been recommended by the BC Ministry of Education.

    Students will learn:
    - about land, mineral and water resources; the ways we use the resources and the effects of using them.
    - how we use the land for growing crops, for raising animals and hunting wildlife and for forestry, tourism and recreation.
    - that B.C.'s mountains are full of minerals and how this abundance of minerals makes mining B.C.'s third most important industry.
    - why water is an important resource in B.C. for drinking, hydroelectric power, recreation, industry and as a food source.
    - the uses, benefits and economic impact of BC's resources; from traditional First Nations' to present day.
    -the evolution of the technology used in resource development and use, environmental issues, sustainability and careers.

    The comprehensive teacher's guide provides support materials necessary to meet the prescribed learning outcomes for both the development of skills and the acquisition of knowledge. Hands-on activities, blackline masters and teaching strategies are included.


Bull Trout's Gift
Format: Hardcover
  • "We were wealthy from the water," Mitch Smallsalmon says, and like all the tribal elders, he speaks to our understanding of the natural world and the consequences of change. In this book the wisdom of the elders is passed on to the young as the story of the Jocko River, the home of the bull trout, unfolds for a group of schoolchildren on a field trip.

    The Jocko River flows through the Flathead Indian Reservation in northwestern Montana. For thousands of years the Salish and Pend d’Oreille Indians lived along its banks, finding food and medicine in its plants and fish, and in the game hunted on its floodplain. Readers of this story will learn, along with the students of Ms. Howlett's class, about the history and culture of the river and its meaning in Native life, tradition, and religion. They will also discover the scientific background and social importance behind the Tribes' efforts to restore the bull trout to its home waters.

    Beautifully illustrated and narrated in the tradition of the Salish and Kootenai Tribes, this account of conservation as the legacy of one generation to the next is about being good to the land that has been good to us. Bull Trout's Gift is steeped in the culture, history, and science that our children must know if they hope to transform past wisdom into future good.


Copying People
Author: Daniel Francis
Format: Paperback
  • Before the west was widely settled, photographs provided the first glimpse white society had of the aboriginal people who occupied the hinterlands of the continent. Copying People - a phrase borrowed from the Haida of the Queen Charlotte Islands that means "camera" - is a collection of historical photographs chosen from the vast number of images in museums and archives across North America. Taken by professional photographers, surveyors, anthropologists, civil servants, and tourists, these fascinating images show how early non-Native photographers "pictured" First Nations people and influenced the outside world's perceptions of them.

    Many of these photographs attempt to document the "traditional" Indian, with their subjects dressed up in wigs, costumes, and other props provided by the photographer. In an effort to record for posterity what they viewed as a doomed race, the photographers helped construct the "idea" of the Indian in the collective mind of white society. Other photographers used images of Native people for commercial purposes, or pictured their subjects in suits and dresses, hoping to appeal to an audience eager for evidence that Natives were becoming "civilized."

    Depicting Native societies under a great deal of stress at a time of tremendous change in their way of life and their environment, the photographs also reveal societies struggling to preserve their cultures and successfully adapting to new economic opportunities. And despite what we might think of their motives, many photographers produced images of remarkable power and enduring beauty.

    Covering all of British Columbia, the book represents the work of every important photographer dealing with aboriginal people in the province before World war II. With 140 archival images, Copying People offers a privileged glimpse of British Columbia's original inhabitants.


Feathers and Fools
Author: Mem Fox
Format: Paperback
  • Feathers and Fools is an allegory about how wars can begin with a simple fear of others based on misconceptions. For some time the swans and peacocks have lived peacefully by a pond. One day the peacocks begin to contemplate the differences between themselves and their neighbours. This then leads to the fear that the swans may one day change the peacock's way of life. With this fear fully ingrained in their minds, they begin to build arms against their neighbours. "We shall hurl these arrows at their throats and slaughter everyone should they ever try to change our way of life."

    Upon hearing this, the swans began to build arms against the peacocks in fear that they would be attacked. The fear grew as each group acquired more and more arms against each other. The peacocks soon mistook the action of a swan as an act of aggression and thus, a war began. "Soon cries filled the sir and blood darkened the earth." When all the feathers had settled, there were no birds to be found, both swans and peacocks had been destroyed.

    Foxs antiwar story touches on a common issue many nations face and how humans handle the concept of war. As history has revealed, humans have begun wars often times with very little knowledge of their opponents on the battlefield. The author artfully displays how mankind, although similar in many ways can decimate each other because of our lack of knowledge of the similarities amongst all groups. At the end of the story, Fox gives us a hopeful ending with the hatching of a lone peacock and a lone swan. These young birds meet and notice how similar they are and soon become friends. "So off they went together, in peace and unafraid, to face the day and share the world." Fox recognizes that present and future generations hold the keys to ending war.

    The main characters, swans and peacocks are interchangeable with any nation, country, or people who have endured wars and their aftermaths. The book also emphasizes the importance of learning from history and not repeating it. Illustrator Nicholas Wiltons paintings bring out the beauty of the worlds of the peacock and swan. With acrylic jewel tone paints, he captures the beauty of the peacocks bright feathers and the swans graceful profile. As the story progresses, you can see the changes of the birds body language and actions helping bring emphasis on how the building toward war changes reactions and opinions of the two sides. The paintings were created to evoke the feeling of a folktale or fable with its aged looks and block style borders. Feathers and Fools is a wonderful book that could open the possibility for the discussion of topics such as war, the arms race, and similarities amongst people and their ways of lives. This book could be used at all levels for discussion.


First in Canada: An Aboriginal Book of Days
Author: Jonathan Anuik
Format: Hardcover
  • First in Canada is a unique expression of the many accomplishments Indigenous Canadians have made to Canadian society. As beautiful as it is informative, this perpetual calendar is a glimpse of 10,000 years in 365 days!

    Informative, innovative, and inspirational, First in Canada will take readers through one calendar year of Aboriginal history, providing visuals and details of past and contemporary achievements and challenges of First Nations, Métis and Inuit peoples in Canada. It will appeal to those interested in Canadian history, to high school and university students, and to researchers looking to initiate projects on Aboriginal topics. Attractive and functional, this personal schedule book contains beautiful aboriginal works of art and will serve as a ready reminder of the importance of First Peoples to the ongoing cultural dynamic in Canada. Carefully researched by Jonathan Anuik, First in Canada is the first of its kind.


First Nations Full Day Kindergarten
Format: Paperback
  • Over 300 pages of cultural components to complement traditional kindergarten skills and concepts:
    PROGRAM BACKGROUND, Budget Categories, Integrating First Nations Studies, Cognitive Education Method, Activities, Skills and Goals, Monthly Rhythms, Sample Week, Sample Daily Routines. THEMES: Longhouse - Autumn & Winter, Longhouse - Spring and Summer, Salmon, Bears, Planning a Potlatch, Christmas Festival, Cedar, Canoes, Weaving, Drama, plus cultural materials support themes. Factual background information for teachers to read or share with students.


First Nations in BC
Author: Karin Clark
Format: Coil Bound
  • FIRST NATIONS IN B.C: Comparing Interior and Coastal Cultures
    24 units of First Nations studies at the primary, intermediate and junior high school levels.
    Based on Southern Interior and Pacific Coast First Nations in B.C. Origin Legends.
    Culminating Activities.Contemporary Culture. First Nations Contributions.


First Nations Science and Ethnobotany Unit K to 10
Format: Paperback
  • FIRST NATIONS Science & Ethnobotany Unit K-10

    15 individual fold outs. Each fold is designed to be used either as a total class project with direction by the teacher or as projects for individual students or teams of students. In-depth description of at least one plant native to the area, one experiment, information about plant identification, plant use and activities.


First Nations Teaching & Practices
Format: Paperback
  • This booklet is intended to provide readers with a basic understanding of the traditional teachings and practices of Manitoba’s First Nations people. While this knowledge has always existed, it has become increasingly important to seek it, learn it and share it, in particular with children and youth. As our knowledge increases, so does the practice, honour and respect we have for one another and for these ancestral ways.

    The tools and knowledge in this booklet provide the basic information needed to begin a journey in order to rediscover the original ways that have withstood the test of time. We have searched for this knowledge by going to our Elders who carry the gifts of culture, language, history, medicines and ceremonies.


From Time Immemorial Teacher's Guide
Author: Diane Silvey
Format: Paperback
  • From Time Immemorial provides an honest and up-to-date survey of the history of the coastal First Nations from pre-contact to the present. The culture of the coastal people was highly complex. Although there were many similarities, there were also many differences among the groups who shared the wealth of their life-sustaining environment.

    This book provides a broad overview of traditional ways common to a large number of diverse groups. It encourages readers to learn more about particular groups who, long ago, walked the shorelines and forest trails of the Pacific Northwest.


    The Teacher’s Guide provides support materials to meet 100% of the prescribed learning outcomes of the Grade Four Social Studies curriculum in BC with links to Social Studies IRP grade four learning outcomes and the Shared Learnings document. It contains detailed lesson plans, reproducible blackline masters, assessment strategies and tools and activities integrating theme across the curriculum (Science, Math, Art and Language Arts).

    Table of Contents

    Part One
    Using the Student Text
    Using the Teacher’s Guide
    Your Social Studies Unit
    Prescribed Learning Outcomes Charts
    Setting the Stage

    Part Two
    From Time Immemorial
    Chapter 1: Living Together: Villages and Families
    Chapter 2: Living in Balance With the Sea: Fishing
    Chapter 3: Living in Balance with the Land: Hunting and Gathering
    Chapter 4: At Home by the Forest: Shelter and Clothing
    Chapter 5: Travel in the Pacific Northwest: By Land, By Sea
    Chapter 6: Living with the Spirits: Ceremonies and Beliefs
    Chapter 7: Expressing a Culture: Art, Drama, Music and Games
    Chapter 8: Living with Other Nations: Trade and Warfare
    Chapter 9: Contact with Strangers: Explorers and Traders
    Chapter 10: Living with the Newcomers: A Way of Life Ends
    Chapter 11: Losing Rights and Freedoms: Legislation and Discrimination

    Part Three
    Appendix A: Blackline Masters
    Appendix B: Assessment/Evaluation Tools
    Appendix C: Annotated Related Resource List
    Appendix D: Universal Declaration of Human Rights and First Nations RightsInfractions
    Appendix E: The National Aboriginal Achievement Awards


Growth of the First Metis Nation and the Role of Aboriginal Women in the Fur Trade Native Peoples Canada
Format: Paperback
  • Growth of the First Metis Nation and the Role of the Aboriginal Women in the Fur Trade contains 16 lessons at the grade 10 level. First Nations Education Division of the Greater Victoria School Division, British Columbia, developed this resource guide for teachers. The guide explores the development of the Metis people by beginning with the pre-contact trade system. The next focus is the development of the fur trade and the way marriage customs emerged. Descriptions of Metis cultural identity and lifestyle are presented. The problems associated with treaties and land surrenders as well as the impact of the railroad are examined. The two final lessons deal with the Riel Rebellion and the impact of resistance on the lives of Metis women and children. The role of women in Metis society receives attention throughout the guide. Minor factual inaccuracies relate to the author's reliance on the work of Diamond Jenness for the first lesson. This guide is appropriate as a teacher resource for grade 10.


I Thought Pocahontas was a Movie
Format: Paperback
  • The Myth of the Mounties as neutral arbiters between Aboriginal peoplesand incoming settlers remains a cornerstone of the western Canadiannarrative of a peaceful frontier experience that differs dramaticallyfrom its American equivalent. Walter Hildebrandt eviscerates this myth,placing the NWMP and early settlement in an international framework ofimperialist plunder and the imposition of colonialist ideology. FortBattleford, as an architectural endeavour, and as a Euro-Canadiansettlement, oozed British and central Canadian values. The Mounties,like the Ottawa government that paid their salaries, “were in theWest to assure that a new cultural template of social behaviour wouldreplace the one they found.” The newcomers were blind to thecultural values and material achievements of the millennia-longresidents of the North-West. Unlike their fur trade predecessors, thesettler state had little need to respect or accommodate Aboriginalpeople. Following policies that resulted in starvation for Natives, thecolonizers then responded brutally to the uprising of some of theoppressed in 1885. Hildebrandt’s ability to view these eventsfrom the indigenous viewpoint places the Mounties, the Canadian state,and the regional settlement experience under an entirely differentspotlight.


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